Madison, Wisconsin, the state's capital city, is also its second largest. Madison residents are politically left-leaning, in part thanks to the magazine The Progressive, which has been published in this city since 1909. Much of the population is drawn to the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and many graduates still live in the city, as proven by a very high percentage of residents with Ph.D. degrees. A number of technology and software companies employ graduates of Madison colleges and universities.
The University of Wisconsin-Madison, with more than 40,000 students, is responsible for a great part of the city's employment and activity. Sports teams in hockey, basketball, and football have competed at national levels. Students at Madison colleges and universities are politically involved as well; a number of protests against the Vietnam War occurred here in the 1960s. UW-Madison students can earn degrees in law, engineering, medicine, veterinary medicine, journalism, and environmental studies.